Entanglement on demand

first_img Citation: Entanglement on demand (2008, April 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-04-entanglement-demand.html One of the problems in quantum information processing is inefficiency. Photon entanglement is generally considered a leading candidate for quantum computing (it is used for teleportation and cryptography), but right now it is sort of a hit and miss proposition. “The only methods we have for generating entangled photons are random,” Yosi Avron tells PhysOrg.com. “You don’t always get an entangled pair, and when you do, after you test the photons, they are useless.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img Avron, a physicist at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, believes that he and his colleagues may have found a technique that could solve this problem of photon entanglement. Avron worked with Gershoni, Bisker, Lindner and Meirom at Technion-Israel, as well as Warburton at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh. The team’s scheme revolves around time reordering, and is explained in Physical Review Letters: “Entanglement on Demand through Time Reordering.”“The key is something called switch path ambiguity,” explains Avron. He points out that in quantum mechanics, a particle can be in two places at once. “If you have two slits on a paper, and you send a photon toward them, the photon can go through both at once. It doesn’t have to choose. If you have a screen behind these two slits, the interference pattern that shows is the same behind each slit. The photon went through both.”Avron goes on to explain that the key is in setting up different paths for the photons to follow, and in creating a situation in which two states give the same result. In that way, it would be possible to produced entangled photons on demand, rather than using hit and miss:“If you have a system with an atom, you start it in an excited state. Then it relaxes and releases a photon at an intermediate state. Then it relaxes more and releases a photon at the ground state. The ambiguity comes in when we create a second intermediate state, identical to the first, so that you have a state where two photons are generated in alternative ways.”It sounds nice, but Avron acknowledges that this where more problems arise. “It is difficult to get two states that are precisely identical like that,” he says. “The states have slightly different energies and this adversely affects entanglement.” The solution the team came up with was to re-arrange the timing of the system. “This is not a new idea,” he qualifies, “but we were the first to create a believable theory of how it could be done.” “All we have to do is reorder one of the paths,” Avron explains. “And if you do, then you could get a situation where you get entanglement because the states become identical…Instead of matching in each generation of photons, it is possible to match across generations and reorder them. Quantum mechanics allows for this without penalty.”Avron is careful to point out that at this stage the results are theoretical. “But,” he continues, “we think that it is possible to design an experiment to test it. David Gershoni is working on such an experiment.”The experiment may take one or two years to get done, but Avron is confident of the results. “It has been difficult to get high quality entanglement on demand,” he explains, “and what we have discovered is that it is possible and something that we can do in a few years’ time.”Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.last_img read more

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New bus system tops off batteries in just 15 seconds

first_img German city to test viability of inductive charging system on two real bus lines More information: www.tosa2013.com/en#/tosa2013 (Phys.org) —A new type of battery bus system being tested in Switzerland is able to operate continually by making use of flash-charging stations. Called Trolleybus Optimisation Systeme Alimentation (TOSA), the new bus and recharging system is currently being tested on a one mile route in Geneva between the city’s airport and international exhibition center. © 2013 Phys.org The system is designed to allow for quickly “topping off” batteries at bus stops, with a longer charge of just three to four minutes between bus runs. Buses are equipped with a laser controlled arm that sits atop the bus and automatically guides the contact mechanism to its mate in an overhanging charging station. Passengers get on and off the bus just as they would any other bus.The system was designed by Zurich based electronics giant ABB with assistance from Geneva Public Transport and other city agencies. The TOSA system flash charges at a rate of 400 kW, allowing batteries to be topped off in just 15 seconds every few stops. Officials describing the system call it a truly zero-carbon emission system because the electricity to recharge the buses is generated using hydroelectricity. They noted also that such a bus system would be a big improvement over conventional electric buses that get their power from overhead lines and also other battery run buses that must be taken out of service periodically for recharging. They claim also that despite such frequent recharging, the batteries in the buses are expected to last for at least a decade. The TOSA system, two years in the making, was designed to be used in areas of heavy congestion, where ridership would be high—the test bus is 19 meters long and can hold 135 passengers. The test run of the system is designed to highlight potential problems with the system to allow for improvements to be made. Once that happens, ABB plans to sell the system to other cities around the world—that could mean the end of loud diesel buses spewing smoke or overhead electrical lines cluttering the view from the street. ABB also says that its system is more cost-effective than other mass transportation systems and more flexible as well because it allows for different types of designs for the charging stations. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: New bus system tops off batteries in just 15 seconds (2013, June 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-bus-tops-batteries-seconds.htmllast_img read more

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Water circling drain experiments offer insight into black holes

first_img Explore further A small international team of researchers has found that water waves created due to scattering from a spinning vortex can show rotational superradiance—an effect astrophysicists have predicted likely to occur in black holes, but which has never been replicated in a lab experiment. In their paper published in the journal Nature Physics, the group explains how they observed and measured waves propagating on the surface of water near a draining vortex and what they found. © 2017 Phys.org Researchers uncover new gravitational wave characteristics This artist’s concept depicts a supermassive black hole at the center of a galaxy. The blue color here represents radiation pouring out from material very close to the black hole. The grayish structure surrounding the black hole, called a torus, is made up of gas and dust. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech As the researchers explain, when a wave strikes an obstacle, it tends to scatter, as can be observed at virtually any seashore. But more difficult to see is that some of the wave is reflected as well as partially transmitted. This led to a theory back in 1954 by Robert Dicke that suggests if an object is spinning, the waves can be amplified by extracting energy from the parts of the wave that are scattered—a phenomenon called superradiance. In this new effort, the researchers conducted experiments designed to prove the theory correct.The experiments consisted of placing water in a 3 x 1.5 meter tank with a 4 cm hole at the center to serve as a drain—the researchers took measurements of wave activity by sensors mounted on the side of the tank (and by a high-speed, three-dimensional air–fluid interface sensor) as pumped-in water was drained, creating a vortex. The researchers report that they observed waves propagating on the surface and that measurements confirmed the waves were amplified after scattering occurred. They further report that the largest amplification recorded was 14 percent +/– 8 percent with waves of 3.70Hz in water that was just 6.25 cm deep. They claim their findings agree with theory, and therefore that their findings can be applied to research surrounding black holes. This is because they believe the scattering of shallow waves on water is analogous to the action that occurs at the event horizon of a black hole. They also note that new, more sensitive gravitational wave detectors might someday be able to measure roughly the same behavior with real black holes.Press release from University of Nottinghamcenter_img Journal information: Nature Physics This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Water circling drain experiments offer insight into black holes (2017, June 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-06-circling-insight-black-holes.html More information: Theo Torres et al. Rotational superradiant scattering in a vortex flow, Nature Physics (2017). DOI: 10.1038/nphys4151last_img read more

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Researchers find electron current direction in photondrag effect is dependent on surrounding

first_imgA team of researchers at the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology has found that electron current flow direction produced by the photon-drag effect is dependent on the environment in which a metal is sitting. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the group describes experiments they conducted with polarized light striking a gold film and what they learned. Explore further Corkscrew photons may leave behind a spontaneous twist More information: Jared H. Strait et al. Revisiting the Photon-Drag Effect in Metal Films, Physical Review Letters (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.053903 Figure 1: Linear photon-drag effect, Gibson model. © 2019 Science X Networkcenter_img Past research efforts have shown that when photons strike a metal at an angle, their momentum is conserved as it is given to free electrons from the metal surface. This results in the free electrons being pushed forward, creating an electric current. This is known as the photon-drag effect, and it has been put to use in many modern applications. But recently, research has shown that the electrons in such a situation do not always flow as expected. To find out why, the researchers carried out some very simple experiments.The first experiment consisted of setting up a gold film inside of a vacuum chamber with an electrode attached to it at one end. The researchers fired polarized light at the film at an angle and read voltage readings off the electrode. They noted that current began flowing in the metal just as the theories regarding the photon-drag effect suggested. There was a problem, however—the current flowed in the wrong direction. Instead of pushing the electrons forward, the light was pulling them backward. Slightly confused by their results, the researchers set up the same apparatus in a non-vacuum environment and ran the experiment again. This time, the voltage flowed forward, as prior research had shown it would.The researchers suggest their findings show that electron flow direction from the photon-drag effect is wholly dependent on the environment around the metal. They freely acknowledge that they do not know why the electrons flowed backward, but hazard a guess—the flow direction may be impacted by core electrons that are bound to metal ions. They also note that their findings will have to be more fully explored because their observations have demonstrated that there are still gaps in understanding how light and metals interact. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Researchers find electron current direction in photon-drag effect is dependent on surrounding environment (2019, August 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-08-electron-current-photon-drag-effect-environment.html Journal information: Physical Review Letterslast_img read more

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Feds Charge 80 People Over Massive Online Frau

first_img Reed Saxon by NPR News Merrit Kennedy 8.23.19 4:10pm A Japanese woman met a person online in March 2016 who said he was a U.S. Army captain based in Syria.They quickly became close, exchanging messages over email. She thought she was in a romantic relationship with the man, who called himself Terry Garcia. Over the course of 10 months, the Japanese woman lost more than $200,000, sending money to accounts in Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the U.S. This romance scheme is just one example of a massive international fraud conspiracy detailed in a 252-count federal grand jury indictment unsealed on Thursday. Authorities have charged 80 defendants with involvement in the scheme. Fourteen people were arrested on Thursday morning – 11 of those in the Los Angeles area – and many of the rest are believed to be based in Nigeria. “Who can forget the famous Nigerian Prince scam in which the fraudster claims to have millions of dollars stuck in Nigeria and needs the victim to help get the money out of the country?” Nicola Hanna, the U.S. Attorney for the Central District of California, told reporters. “Well, over the years, those fraud schemes have evolved and become much more complex and sophisticated.””We believe this is one of the largest cases of its kind in U.S. history,” Hanna added.According to the prosecutors, the defendants pursued a wide range of schemes, including preying on businesses by hacking into their accounts and representing themselves as vendors who were owed money. The two lead defendants, Valentine Iro and Chukwudi Christogunus Igbokwe, are accused of facilitating fraudulent payments by acting as “brokers of fraudulent bank accounts.” They allegedly “collected bank accounts, fielded requests for bank account information, provided that information to co-conspirators around the world, and laundered the money obtained from victims – all of this in exchange for a cut of the money stolen from victims of various fraud schemes,” according to prosecutors. Iro and Igbokwe are accused of illegally transferring at least $6 million. The lead defendants allegedly registered fake businesses with L.A. County authorities so that they could open bank accounts under those names. Once money was deposited into an account, they would often quickly withdraw the money in cash or cashier’s checks, or transfer it to another account that was part of the scheme, prosecutors say. Eventually, the funds would be sent to Nigeria. The Japanese woman, identified as F.K. in court records, “was and is extremely depressed and angry about these losses, and is on the verge of bankruptcy,” the complaint states. “She began crying when discussing the way that these losses have affected her.”F.K. spoke little English and would use Google Translate to read Garcia’s emails and translate her responses. According to the complaint, shortly after they started communicating, he told F.K. that he had discovered a bag of diamonds in Syria. He said that he was injured and trying to send them to her, and F.K. received details from multiple other people purportedly trying to arrange the transfer. She was told that she’d need to pay hefty fees for a “non-inspection tag,” a “final accreditation fee” and a “diplomatic consignment tax.” She told federal officials that she made as many as 40 payments to Garcia over the course of the 10 months. F.K. even traveled to Los Angeles in October 2016, after she was told that there was a problem with a bank releasing her funds. The federal officials warn that fraud schemes like these are on the rise, and urge people to warn their friends and family members who might be vulnerable.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Feds Charge 80 People Over Massive Online Fraud Conspiracy last_img read more

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After Fatal Crash Loved Ones Remember Racer J

first_imgAfter Fatal Crash, Loved Ones Remember Racer Jessi Combs… by NPR News Brakkton Booker 8.29.19 4:58pm Loved ones of Jessi Combs, a well-known racer and a host of the popular science-themed television show Mythbusters, are speaking out days after she died attempting to break her own land speed record. She was 39 years old. “I have never loved or been loved by anyone as much as this amazing woman,” Terry Madden, a member of Combs’ team said in an Instagram post. “She was the most amazing spirit that I have ever or will ever know.”Madden goes on to say he was the first on the scene of what he described as a “horrific accident” and that he and others did “everything humanly possible” to revive her. Adam Savage, a co-host on Mythbusters, described Combs in a tweet as “brilliant,” adding “we are all lesser for her absence.””I’m so so sad, Jessi Combs has been killed in a crash. She was a brilliant & too-notch builder, engineer, driver, fabricator, and science communicator, & strove everyday to encourage others by her prodigious example. She was also a colleague, and we are lesser for her absence.”In a statement from the Harney County Sheriff’s Office, emergency dispatchers received a call around 4 p.m. local time Tuesday reporting a jet car crash in southeast Oregon’s Alvord Desert, approximately 90 miles south of the city of Burns. “Harney county deputies identified the driver as Jessica (Jessi) Michelle Combs,” according to the statement signed by Lieutenant Brian Neeham. “Jessi Combs was pronounced dead at the scene.”The incident remains under investigation and authorities have yet to determine the cause of the crash. According to the automotive website Jalopnik, Combs was driving a “52,000 horsepower jet-powered car.” Combs earned the moniker of “the fastest woman on four wheels” after a 2013 record she set “breaking 398 mph in that same North American Eagle Supersonic Speed Challenger,” according to the site. In a Facebook post by Ultra4 Racing, her racing team sponsor, Combs is described this way: “Jessi was a smiling, energetic, vibrant part of the Ultra4 family … She was and always will be The Real Deal.”That Facebook post included what the group says was a statement from the Combs family. “It is with extreme grief, and in celebration of her life that her family and close friends share that race car driver, and TV personality Jessi Combs, passed away in a fatal crash,” the statement says. The family said a foundation will be created to continue her efforts to “empower women and young girls” to follow their ambitions. “Jessi’s most notable dream was to become the fastest woman on Earth, a dream she had been chasing since 2012. Combs was one of the rare dreamers with the bravery to turn those possibilities into reality, and she left this earth driving faster than any other woman in history,” the statement said. According to her personal website, Combs was born in Rapid City, S.D., and had a lifelong affinity for acceleration and adrenaline. “This fearless young lady found a love for speed and its machines at a very young age,” the site reads. She turned down a scholarship to study interior design, took up a career in snowboarding for a time before earning a degree in Custom Automotive Fabrication. She eventually landed a few gigs on TV, according to her bio, on the car-themed reality show like Overhaulin’ as a guest fabricator and co-host of Xtreme 4×4, a show about redesigning vehicles to make them into off-road rigs. By 2009, she appeared in the 7th season of Mythbusters as a fill-in host for Kari Byron who was on maternity leave. Kari Byron tweeted that Combs was “a badass””So sad to hear about Jessi. She was a badass. Always pushing limits. Sending smiles into the universe for her.” One of the Combs’ final twitter posts, seem to acknowledge that people didn’t always agree with her career pursuits. She said some may think she was “a little crazy” but to her haters, she simply responded: “I say thank you ;)”Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. James Lemke Jrlast_img read more

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Fikry might have been indifferent to my work

first_imgGabrielle Zevin’s The Collected Works of A.J. Fikry is one of the most beautiful books I have read in a long long time. It doesn’t pander to baseless emotions to make the thoughts and feelings work, nor does it deal in excesses. The story of book shop owner A.J Fikry and how his life changes with the sudden entrance of a child he adopts and names Maya, flows out as incredibly as the stories of the books he makes Maya read as she grows up. Thus, when it came to interviewing Zevin, I knew I would not miss it for the world! Read… Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Let’s start with a bit about you. Tell us how you started writing.My grandmother had an electric typewriter that I was obsessed with as a little girl. When we would visit her, she would always set me up with paper, and I’d spend hours and hours typing a few words, basically nonsense. I liked the satisfying clatter of the keys and the scent of ink on paper. I always tell people that before I liked to write, I liked to type.How did The Collected Works of A.J. Fikry come into being? Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixSince I was first published almost a decade ago, I’ve wanted to write a book about that experience and the way publishing a novel changes your relationship to books. I played with this novel—my book about books—for many years, but I could never quite work it out. It was originally focused on what would become the Maya character, the fledgling writer. After about seven years, I realized that the book would be much better if it were about the bookseller and not the writer. And once I knew that, the writing went very quickly!  And A.J Fikry. How did he come about? Were you inspired by someone into creating this character? At nearly every bookstore I go to, someone tells me that they know a person just like A.J. Fikry. But no, he wasn’t consciously based on anyone. There are many A.J.’s in all aspects of bookselling and publishing. And even when these people aren’t fans of my books, I don’t mind them. We need A.J.’s. There are A LOT of books published every year, and we need people to tell us what is good and what is not. My dad, who I adore, is probably a bit of an A.J. He is a runner like A.J., and he has many, many, many opinions. My mom, incidentally, is a bit of an Amelia. She always studies the menus before she goes to restaurants. Besides A.J who is your favourite character? I’ll make it a little harder – besides Maya as well! Probably poor Daniel Parish. The first time someone called him a villain at an event I was doing, I remember feeling a bit sad. I know his shortcomings, but I have empathy for him. For many years, the most successful book I published was the first one, the one I wrote when I was 25. Daniel has a similar backstory though I should mention that my personal life is a lot less complicated than his.The books A.J notes down for his daughter – are those books that made an impact on you some way or the other? Are they your favourites?They are not my favorites, and I wouldn’t necessarily say they were A.J.’s either. They are a broad selection of short stories that A.J. thinks would be instructive for a young writer to have read: a mini-cannon. But the truth is, that’s only what the stories are from A.J’s point of view. From my point of view as the novelist, the stories had to do quite a few other things as well. They had to provide a way for A.J. to tell Maya about his life. They had to work thematically with the events of the novel. They had to be good chapter titles, too! And so I will tell you that the business of choosing them was quite complicated. If they aren’t – what are yours? And what would your comprehensive list of ‘what-my-daughter-must-read’ look like?Oh, my favorites change all the time! I’m always finding new favorites. My three favorite books I read this year were The Interestings by Meg Wolitzer, The Dinner by Herman Koch, and Flora and Ulysses by Kate DiCamillo.  It’s funny. I feel like a lively reading life should include a degree of randomness, a degree of discovery. So…I probably wouldn’t make a list like A.J.’s in the first place. I do think short stories are a good place to start with young writers (and readers), though. My list would probably include more female writers, more twenty-first century, more genre. A.J. doesn’t have, for instance, any sci-fi. When I was a kid, one of my favorite short stories was Ray Bradbury’s The Veldt. It’s an early virtual reality story, and I remember that it blew my tiny child mind. There’s a list A.J. makes for Maya when she has writer’s block. That list, which includes Z.Z. Packer and Amy Hempel, is closer to my taste. Tell us about the best and the worst times you faced while writing this book. Once a book is finished, I have the mysterious ability to block out almost the entire process of writing it. I know I’ve done a good job when I’m finished writing, and I feel a sense of loss. I know I’ve done a good job when I feel like the characters are people I used to know, but who I won’t be seeing anymore. Anyway, I sometimes find it hard when I’m finished to move on to the next thing! I But in a way, this is the best and the worst part. You are always meeting new colleagues and having to say goodbye.Would your book make the cut at A.J’s bookshop?Depends on what day it crossed A.J.’s desk and what kind of mood he was in. Depends on how much the sales rep sold it to him and how much he trusted his or her opinion. As I was writing, I knew that A.J. would probably not have read anything I had written and if he had, he wouldn’t necessarily have liked it anyway. I made peace with A.J.’s indifference to my work very early on in the process. A delightful discovery for me has been that it is not required for all your characters to approve of you. Someone said to me that the A.J. of the beginning of the story would not like the book, but the A.J. at the end might. I agree with this assessment.last_img read more

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Celebrating Innocence

first_imgThe 12th edition of National School of Drama’s Jashnebachpan- the biggest children theatre festival, is here to enthrall children from all walks of life including the underprivileged. Over 1000 underprivileged children from Delhi NCR area witnessed the commencement ceremony in the NSD campus. NSD has also roped in Zonal Cultural Centers  to further encourage and support regional participation.Jashnebachpan 2014 was inaugurated by Shripad Yasso Naik, Minister of Tourism and Culture on Sunday, 2 November at Abhimanch in the Capital’s National School of Drama. The inaugural ceremony was followed by Bal Rang, a performance of various artists was guided by Laique Hussain. This performance included participants from various states like Orissa, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Delhi.  1000 underprivileged children including girls and boys from various age groups eagerly awaited the ceremony. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Jashnebachpan was started in 1998 by Theatre In Education Company (T.I.E Co.), NSD in order to contribute to the growth and development of children’s theatre across the country, and has now come to be regarded as one of the largest and most important theatre festivals in India for Children. Theatre personality and chairman NSD society Ratan Thiyam inaugurated the festival with Himani Shivpuri renowned theatre and cine actress. T.I.E. Co that has staged over 1200 shows, 350 workshops catering to more than 11 lakhs children with their plays celebrates its glorious 25 years.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixCelebrating some of the best children’s flavors and a distinct palate back on stage, every autumn National School of Drama organizes a festival of theatre for children. This year, of Jashnebachpan, from 2 to 14 November, will make sure that children are treated to the best through theatre for children.Jashnebachpan 2014 will be featuring various performances in 8 languages – Assamese, Bengali, English, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Manipuri, Hindi and 1 non-verbal from 14 States/Union Territories at the NSD Campus. Celebrating its Silver Jubilee year, T.I.E. Co. is also organizing its first ever three-day seminar from 12 to 14 November. This three day educational seminar, titled, ‘Theatre for children; who’s need is it?’ will have known theatre personalities like Rudraprasad Sengupta, Feizal Alkazi, Kanchan Sontakke, Bansi Kaul and many more.last_img read more

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Come Norwesters drive against dengue initiated by KMC

first_imgKolkata: The Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has intensified its drive against Dengue in view of the nor’wester that is hitting the city. The state government has given Rs 3 crore to KMC to carry on with its anti Dengue drive. It may be mentioned that Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has instructed all civic bodies to take steps to prevent Dengue. At all the administrative review meetings, she has asked senior officials of the district administration to keep the areas under the civic bodies and Panchayats clean. She has also instructed district administration to launch drives to create awareness Dengue. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe KMC has intensified the cleaning operation. KMC teams are visiting houses regularly to inspect the overhead tanks and underground reservoirs. If mosquito larvae is found, the owners in case of individual houses and secretary in case of housing cooperatives are asked to take steps to clean the overhead tanks and underground reservoirs. The residents have been asked to clear the containers used to store water once in a week.Debashis Biswas, Chief Vector Control officer of KMC said Aedes Egypti mosquitoes take seven days to complete their life circle, that is, from egg to larvae to pupa and then to adult mosquito. “These seven days are very important. The residents are being requested to clean the containers at least once a week as a safety measure.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAtin Ghosh, member, Mayor-in-Council in charge of health said due to global warming, the breeding season of mosquitoes have changed. To cope with the situation, the KMC is carrying out drives against Dengue throughout the year. “It is not possible for the civic bodies to bring the situation under control. We need cooperation of the residents. They should keep their houses clean and the containers used to store water should be cleaned once in a week. The overhead tanks and underground reservoirs should be properly covered.” The KMC has 15 Dengue detection centres in the city along with 24 Rapid Action teams. The KMC runs free clinics in every ward. KMC doctors said those suffering from fever should visit the Dengue detection centres and get their blood tested free of cost. Not only the centres have trained technicians, proper method is followed to detect Dengue.It may be mentioned that the ministry of Health had lauded the KMC for the anti Dengue drives. Hoardings and posters to crate awareness among the people are put up all over the city. The KMC is also assisting the neighbourding civic bodies of the Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation and south Dum Dum municipality to conduct anti Dengue drives as well.last_img read more

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Dr Asit Kumar Panja bags Young Scientist Award in Literary Research

first_imgKolkata: Dr Asit Kumar Panja, an ayurvedic genius from an obscure village in Bankura’s Joyrambati, who has already set his footprint in the national and international arena for his multifaceted contributions in the field of Ayurveda, has now bagged the prestigious ‘Young Scientist Award’ in the category of Literary Research.The Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences under the Ministry of Ayush has conferred the award on Dr Panja during a programme in New Delhi on Saturday. Panja, an assistant professor of National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA), Jaipur in Rajasthan has been carrying out research on various aspects of Ayurveda for the past 15 years and has been associated with various research projects of Ayush and World Health Organisation (WHO). Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsHe has gone through classical texts and manuscripts of Ayurveda and converted the treasured knowledge into a modern form, exploring the possible ways of implementing the old and pure form of Indians traditional methods of treatment. Research was done on how the classical ways of treatment and diagnosis can be attributed a modern touch. Panja has performed researches on 35 aspects including the coding of ancient Ayurvedic manuscripts. The coding helps in identifying the diseases that had a mention in the ancient literature. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedOne of his remarkable performances is deciphering an old manuscript, “Charaka Bibriti” written by Yogendranath Sen, an ancient scholar of Ayurveda that Panja had got in 2014. He started the research work in 2015. He has analysed the manuscripts critically and published a book of 600 pages containing the substances that had been there in the manuscripts. Being the head of Manuscript segment of the NIA always gives the extra mileage to Panja in deciphering the old literature. An author of more than 14 books in Ayuurveda, Panja had done his BAMS from Calcutta University in 1997 with three distinctions in Itihas, Agad and Charak and later obtained his MD in Ayurveda Samhita from Rajasthan Ayurveda University in 2003. He was also awarded Phd by Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University in 2008.Panja has a sound knowledge and understanding in all components of Ayurveda, commencing from his command over Sanskrit language to interpreting manuscripts and flourishing clinical practice. “Bengal has contributed about 80 percent literature research in the form of commentaries of classical texts in Ayurveda, over a period of 1,300 years,” Dr Panja said.Ends.last_img read more

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PostDiwali Delhi

first_imgIf you woke up to a low-visibility morning post-Diwali, witnessing your air-sensitive toddler or asthmatic grandparent coughing up through the night, a decision to move to places with cleaner air may even have crossed your mind.Triggers like paddy burning in the neighbouring state to massive vehicular traffic or increasing pollen in the air as winter settles in are all troubling scenarios, especially for children, made worse by non-stop bursting of firecrackers on Diwali night, despite all the warnings of their deleterious effect on the environment and health. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Recently, a child was brought to me with asthma exacerbation despite taking regular medication. We had to step up his medication and even administer steroids to control the symptoms. This child is not an isolated case as rise in pollution levels is troubling most of our patients,” said Dr Sandeep Nayar, head (department of respiratory medicine) at BLK Super Specialty Hospital.According to Delhi Pollution Control Committee, the Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM), which directly affects breathing, was recorded at 2,308 microgram per cubic meter (mpcm) at 11 p.m. on Diwali night while the prescribed standard is 100 mpcm. PM2.5 (particulate matter above 2.5 microns), for which the prescribed standard is 60 mpcm, also touched an alarming high at 619 mpcm at midnight last night.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe US Embassy’s air quality index touched 277 microns per cubic meter on Thursday morning in diplomatic enclave of Chanakyapuri, a very unhealthy level, according to the embassy which monitors air quality in the area on a regular basis.The System of Air quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), jointly run by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology and India Meteorological Department, Delhi University area was the most polluted spot in the city with PM 2.5 touching an average of 430. Dr Bobby Bhalotra, leading pulmonologist from Sir Gangaram Hospital, says the situation was worrisome for Delhiites. “Yesterday (Wednesday), the pollution levels were really bad. I advise air-sensitive kids and the elderly to stay indoors with air purifiers at work. Try not to go out in early morning and evening when the pollutions levels are really high,” said Dr Bhalotra. When Gardiner Harris, the South Asia correspondent for The New York Times, decided to leave Delhi this year because his eight-year-old son’s lung capacity went down to 50 per cent owing to the bad air quality, the world took notice. His article titled “Holding Your Breath In India” brought policymakers – both at the state and the central level – to the discussion forums but no visible change is seen on the ground yet. A study conducted by Kolkata-based Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute (CNCI) in Delhi recently showed that nearly half of the city’s 4.4 million schoolchildren have irreversible lung damage from the polluted air.Scientists tracked 11,000 schoolchildren from 36 schools in Delhi for three years. They found that key indicators of respiratory health from lung function to palpitation and vision in Delhi children — between four and 17 years of age — were worse off than their counterparts elsewhere.last_img read more

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Dakshineswar Skywalk to be unveiled ahead of Kali Puja

first_imgKolkata: The Dakshineswar Skywalk is expected to be thrown open for pilgrims visiting Dakshineswar Temple, a day before Kali Puja. If everything goes as per schedule, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee will unveil the skywalk on November 5.A senior official of Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA), the implementing agency, said that the skywalk is getting finishing touches and the load testing safety certificate for the structure has already been received. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt has been learnt that after the certificate was received, state Urban Development and Municipal Affairs minister Firhad Hakim sought time from Banerjee and the November 5 date was fixed for unveiling. “Thousands of devotees visit the temple on a daily basis. During Kali Puja and the Bengali New Year, the gathering increases threefold. So, safety has been given top priority,” the official added. The skywalk project, which involves a whopping Rs 65 crore, will not only ease traffic congestion but will also ensure smooth unidirectional movement of devotees visiting the Dakshineswar Kali Temple. The temple draws 1.3 crore devotees including foreign pilgrims annually. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedDesigned by architecture firm Design Forum International, the 340 metre long skywalk will offer a seamless connectivity to and from the temple. It will be bridged with elevated Dakshineswar stations – both suburban and the Metro. The skywalk is expected to have 12 escalators, 4 elevators and 8 stairways, particularly for the benefit of senior citizens, the unwell and the handicapped. The skywalk will also have space for 200 shops. Dakshineswar Temple draws pilgrims round the year and at present, the only point of access is a single 10.5 metre wide road which thousands of locals use for their commute. According to a source in the temple committee, the foundation and 150 year history of the shrine has also been encapsulated in the form of a light and sound show. The project is also scheduled to be inaugurated by Banerjee on the same day.last_img read more

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A culinary trip to China

first_imgWho would have known that something as looked-down-upon as turnip can be a definite delicacy? With Royal China’s delicious vegetarian starters one must think twice before underestimating vegetables. Even the blandest of raw materials seem to undergo a transformation through the hands of the chefs here at Royal China. Entering the restaurant, one would feel the aura of the place as the friendly hosts come up to you to hear your request dishes.The best way to start your lunch would be with a drink; here one can opt form wine, champagne, vodka, cocktails and mocktails among several others. One might as well decide to begin with a soup. Moving on, the wide array of appetizers and Dim Sums might baffle you, but you may pick any without fearing the consequences. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfBeing a meat lover, my friend and I were waiting eagerly for the Chicken Chili Oil Spring Onion to come along with the turnip dish. Both the starters stirred up the gourmets in us and with twinkling eyes we waited for some upcoming lip smacking dishes. Post our appetizer, we planned on trying the Sliced Fish which instantly won our hearts with its soothing salty and tangy flavours. Along came in an awesomely presentable chicken dish with fire skirting on the platter- Flaming Chicken in Superior Sauce. To accompany our fish and chicken we ordered steamed rice and Veg Fried Soya Noodle Hong. One can enjoy the flavours of the fish only with steamed rice, while the soya noodle complemented the tasty flaming chicken perfectly. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveA meal remains incomplete and unsatisfactory without a nice dessert, and being a sweet tooth I could not resist myself from the very tempting Crème Brulee and Chocolate Mud Cake. With the right consistency of the custard and the crisp caramel topping, the Crème Brulee will sooth your mouth instantly. It is also the best dessert for people with sensitivity issues, since it is a dessert you get in room temperature. It is needless to speak of the heavenly feel one gets form a mouthful of a Chocolate Mud Cake accompanied with a scoop of Vanilla ice cream. Not only is the food going to call you back to the restaurant every time you think of Chinese food, but also the ambience and the decoration. They also have menus for children, kitty parties and other special occasions.last_img read more

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Shaan Arijit get Bengal government music award

first_imgKolkata: Popular singers Shaan and Arijit Singh were on Friday handed over the ‘Sangeet Mahasamman’ award constituted by the West Bengal government at the inaugural session of the Bengal music and folk culture festival here. Besides the duo, leading Bengali singers like Rupankar Bagchi, Raghab Chattopadhyay, Manomoy Bhattacharya, Saikat Mitra, Pratik Chowdhury and music director Debojyoti Mishra were also given the ‘Sangeet Mahasamman’ awards. Legendary singer Sandhya Mukhopadhyay gave away the awards. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life Lauding Shaan and Arijit, state Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said: “There are personalities among us who were born on the soil of Bengal but earned their laurels away from the state.” “We are proud of them. Their love for the state shows up in the way they have rushed to Kolkata to attend the music festival,” added Banerjee, while inaugurating the eight-day ‘Bangla Sangeet Mela’ and ‘Biswabangla Lok Sanskriti Utsav’.last_img read more

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Quantum theory may explain why jokes are funny

first_imgWhy was 6 afraid of 7? Because 789. Whether this pun makes you giggle or groan in pain, your reaction is a consequence of the ambiguity of the joke. Whether we find puns and jokes funny can be predicted using quantum theory, say scientists who are developing a mathematical model that can help decode the complexity of humour.Aiming to answer the question of what kind of formal theory is needed to model the cognitive representation of a joke, researchers suggest that a quantum theory approach might be a contender. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfResearchers at University of British Columbia in Canada outlined a quantum inspired model of humour.This new approach may succeed at a more nuanced modelling of the cognition of humour and lead to the development of a full-fledged, formal quantum theory model of humour, researchers said.This initial model was tested in a study where participants rated the funniness of verbal puns, as well as the funniness of variants of these jokes (eg. the punchline on its own, the set-up on its own). Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe results indicate that apart from the delivery of information, something else is happening on a cognitive level that makes the joke as a whole funny whereas its deconstructed components are not, and which makes a quantum approach appropriate to study this phenomenon.For decades, researchers from a range of different fields have tried to explain the phenomenon of humour and what happens on a cognitive level in the moment when we “get the joke”.This is the first time that a quantum theory approach has been suggested as a way to better understand the complexity of humour, researchers said. Previous computational models of humour have suggested that the funny element of a joke may be explained by a word’s ability to hold two different meanings (bisociation), and the existence of multiple, but incompatible, ways of interpreting a statement or situation (incongruity).During the build-up of the joke, we interpret the situation one way, and once the punch line comes, there is a shift in our understanding of the situation, which gives it a new meaning and creates the comical effect.However, researchers said that it is not the shift of meaning, but rather our ability to perceive both meanings simultaneously, that makes a pun funny.This is where a quantum approach might be able to account for the complexity of humour in a way that earlier models cannot.”Quantum formalisms are highly useful for describing cognitive states that entail this form of ambiguity,” said Liane Gabora from the University of British Columbia.”Funniness is not a pre-existing ‘element of reality’ that can be measured; it emerges from an interaction between the underlying nature of the joke, the cognitive state of the listener, and other social and environmental factors,” said Gabora.The research was published in the journal Frontiers in Physics.last_img read more

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Normal life unaffected in state

first_imgKolkata: The foolproof measures of the state government ensured that normal life remained largely unaffected in Bengal on the first day of the two-day nationwide strike on Tuesday by the trade unions.The state government offices, educational institutions and even private companies recorded normal attendance. The IT sector and Port activities were normal and so were attendance at tea gardens. Attendance at Nabanna, New Secretariat buildings and other state offices in different parts of the city and the state recorded above 95 percent attendance. The attendance at Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) was 96 percent. “The attendance today (Tuesday) was more than the average attendance that usually hovers around 90 percent,” a senior official of the KMC said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeState Transport minister Suvendu Adhikari said on Tuesday that the trade union bandh in the state has been a total flop. “A number of buses have been ransacked by the bandh supporters in a desperate effort to enforce bandh in the state. But transport services have remained normal and more government buses were pressed into service. The people have completely rejected the bandh and have joined in their daily chores as they do on normal days. We have all arrangements in place and people will face no difficulty,” Adhikari said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedHe made it clear that if there is any damage to buses or other vehicles, the owner has to lodge an FIR in the police station within 24 hours and turn up at the Kasba office of the state Transport department with the FIR copy in 72 hours. “We will be offering compensation to all,” he assured. The bandh supporters resorted to hooliganism in parts of the state including Kolkata to disrupt normal life but the police thwarted all attempts and ensured normal activities. The worst form of atrocity was reported in the morning from Barasat in North 24-Parganas where bandh supporters tried to stop a school bus with school children. The bus driver was allegedly beaten up. The West Bengal Commission for Protection of Child Rights has taken cognizance in regard to the attack. They have slapped a show-cause notice to Sujan Chakrabarty and other office bearers of the CPI(M). “The Commission is aggrieved over such dangerous, unconstitutional moves by a political party where even children are not being spared from violent demonstrations. It is a violation of child rights under the JJ Act,” a senior official of the Commission said. The state administration managed to thwart all sorts of attempts by bandh supporters to disrupt normal life. Bandh supporters also tried to set a state government bus on fire at Sovabazar in North Kolkata. A number of them including Left Front leader Sujan Chakraborty and Anadi Sahu along with others were arrested from Jadavpur and Moulali respectively. Over 10,000 police personnel were deployed in the city along with an additional force of 5,000 to prevent any untoward incident. The Kolkata Police arrested 391 persons in connection with attempts of enforcing the bandh, the majority being from Central division. In the Hills, the bandh failed to make an impact. Shops, offices, business establishments, educational institutes remained open. There was normal traffic on the roads. Tea gardens in the Hills also remained open.last_img read more

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KVIC launches ecofriendly hawansamagri

first_imgFusing Mahatma Gandhi’s swabalamban (self-reliance) and Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Swachhata Ahbiyaan, the Minister of State for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises – Giriraj Singh launched environment-friendly shubh hawan samagri. Manufactured by Kumarappa National Handmade paper Institute (KNHPI) – a unit of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), the product was launched on September 12 in Jaipur.Valuing the KVIC’s innovation in this connection, the minister said that this eco-friendly shubh hawan samagri would not only ensure the proper utilization of excess of flowers and coconut shells, but would also help in Swachhata Abiyaan as the unutilized flowers and coconut shells often cause civic blues. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfKVIC Chairman Vinai Kumar Saxena informed that before production, the scientists of KNHPI sent the ingredients of this hawan-samagri for its evaluation. “After proper scientific evaluation, it was found that the gross caloric value of flower and coconut shell used in making this hawan-samagri was far better than the commercially available ones,” he said.It is worth mentioning here that as many as 36 ingredients, including sandalwood, nagkesar (mesua ferrea), camphor and cardamom, have been mixed with the hawan-samagri and it would be available at all KVIC outlets. While the price of one-kilogram pack would be Rs 101, it would cost Rs 57 for half kilogram pack. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAs the minister was very enthusiastic about such innovations, he had expressed his desire to get the handmade paper (made from cow-dung) so that it can be properly utilised, subsequently increasing the cattle-owners’ income as well as creating cleanliness on roads and streets. Taking minister’s desire seriously, the KVIC Chairman directed KNHPI to explore the feasibility in this connection. The KNHPI scientists, in a record time of four days, developed the paper by mixing cow-dung with paper rags. Singh later launched hand-made paper at KNHPI. He also thoroughly took the stock of the paper-making process – made of mixing the plastic waste with cotton rags, under KVIC’s ambitious project named REPLAN (REducing PLAstic in Nature), which was launched recently. “What else can be a better example of swachhata abhiyaan than REPLAN by KVIC, who has not only derived a proportional yet novel way to reduce the plastic menace,” he said.last_img read more

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Sealdah Division train services affected for three hours

first_imgKolkata: Train services were suspended in Barasat-Hasnabad section of the Eastern Railway (ER), Sealdah Division, for more than three hours on Thursday morning after a group of people put up a blockade.The demonstration was held after the death of an under-trial prisoner who was arrested on May 3 when passengers were agitating due to the cancellation of trains owing to cyclone Fani. It is alleged that on May 3, during the agitation, the Railway Protection Force (RPF) and the Government Railway Police (GRP) personnel arrested several persons while clearing the line. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataOne Goutam Mondal (24) who was physically challenged was also held. It is alleged that after arresting him, the RPF and GRP personnel beat him up badly. Later, he was sent to judicial custody at Dum Dum Correctional Home after being produced before the concerned court. While staying in the correctional home, he fell ill on Tuesday and was admitted to R G Kar Medical College and Hospital where he died. After the news of his death reached his home, his family members and neighbours were furious. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateAs autopsy was not done and the body has not been handed over to his family members yet, on Thursday morning a blockade was put up in protest of the incident at Lebutala station. Due to this, train services were affected from 7:41 am onwards. Normal train services resumed after the blockade was withdrawn at around 11:20 am. In the meantime, train services were maintained between Barasat and Sondalia on the Up direction and between Hasnabad and Haroa Road station in the Down line. Also, eight local trains including four Up and four Down trains had to be cancelled while eight locals ran late.last_img read more

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Ingredients to look for in your beauty products

first_imgIt is always important to see what ingredients beauty products have before you apply them on yourself. Always look for antioxidants and paraben free products to keep your skin healthy and glowing always, say experts. Beauty experts have suggested ingredients to look for in beauty products. Antioxidants: It is highly recommended to use products with antioxidants as they protect skin by limiting the production of free radicals, which can damage skin cells. They repair skin damage and also slow down signs of ageing. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfParaben free: Parabens are common cosmetic ingredients that cause a reduction in collagen, a protein that makes up a good portion of our connective tissue and bring out a youthful and healthier skin. Sulphate free: Sulphates are detergents that have the ability to take away the skin’s natural oil balance. Hair and skin products that contain sulphates can be harsh resulting in dryness and irritation, hence must be avoided. Retinol: Retinol is derived form Vitamin A and has anti-ageing benefits for the skin as it can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It can also refine the surface of the skin and bring out a smooth texture. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveHyaluronic Acid: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is naturally produced in our skin and its concentration constantly decreases as we age. HA holds the water in the skin, keeps it soft, hydrated and plump. As we age, due to reduced HA, skin becomes dry, lustreless and wrinkled. Skin care products containing HA are often used with vitamin C for better results. Vitamin C: Vitamin C contributes to photo protection, decreases sun damage, and is needed for adequate wound healing. Topical application of vitamin C appears to be an effective route for delivering ascorbic acid to the skin.last_img read more

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The Sad Life of the Real Elephant Man

first_imgNothing unusual was recorded about the birth of Joseph Carey Merrick on August 5, 1862 — to the world better known as the Elephant Man. Only a few months before turning two, the first symptoms were there: some strange swelling appeared on the baby’s lips, and his skin started to change. Over time, the conditions only worsened. Joseph grew up a boy who slowly came to embody a human monster. His skin thickened and he developed unusual growths on various parts of his body.Merrick in 1889.His hands: the left one remained normal, but the right one was impaired by deformities to the degree it eventually was no use for anything. The head? It grew prominent and people wondered how it could still stand there on the shoulders.Merrick’s look, sadly enough, was something which made people think he was a menace to the community. Only a few people tried to see the real person, the human Joseph Merrick who was trapped in this body so affected by abnormalities.This image of Joseph Merrick (1862–1890) was published in the British Medical Journal in 1886.“Tis true, my form is something odd, But blaming me is blaming God,” the young man recurrently quoted this line by Isaac Watts.He was born in Leicester to Mary Jane and Joseph Rockley Merrick. His mother had no clear explanation why such severe deformities reigned over her sons body. She eventually set a belief that all of this was the result of an accident that had happened during her pregnancy.Merrick photographed in 1889.Joseph adopted this belief from his loving mother, writing himself: “The deformity which I am now exhibiting was caused by my mother’s being frightened by an elephant.” The woman, though only for a moment, had ended up under the feet of an elephant during a “procession with animals.”His mother would provide Joseph with happy childhood memories, as much as possible. Again sadly, Mary Jane died when the boy was only 11. At the same time, his deformities had become so prominent that he was no longer able to attend school as other children. More importantly, Joseph needed care, but was now left with a father who failed any such expectations.Merrick’s cap and hood.Just 18 months after Mary Jane’s death, Joseph Rockley Merrick found another wife who had children of her own, all of whom much more handsome than Joseph was. And this is where the real hell began.Joseph didn’t fit into the new family unit. His stepmother did not provide the care that Mary had provided unconditionally. Her hostile voice would continuously ring out that Joseph did not deserve even the half dish of food he was provided with, as he didn’t make any contribution to the household.Old English words that need to make a comebackAttempts to escape the house? There were a few, unsuccessful ones. His father always fetched him back, fulfilling a rare parental duty.So the boy, though only in his early teenage years, sought for different jobs and struggled to find anything decent. For some two years, isolated in a dimly-lit corner of a small shop, he worked rolling cigars. He struggled with this task due to the one impaired arm that protruded from his body as if it were a distorted tree branch.The only surviving letter written by Merrick.Next, Joseph’s father arranged a job as a door-to-door salesman. He scarcely sold anything — people were too scared of his appearance. As he couldn’t make money this way either, Joseph Merrick, still a teenager, was left homeless. For a while, he was provided a roof by his uncle.Prospects for a decent job? Almost none. After a couple of years spent at the Leicester Union Workhouse, which he hated, Joseph contacted Sam Torr, in 1884. Torr managed the Gaiety Palace of Varieties, the city’s music hall. Joseph decided to join the one place where his body could actually earn him some money — the “freak show.”Card church built by Merrick, a replica of Mainz Cathedral.Accordingly, he was provided a spot on one such show where he was exhibited as the Elephant Man, the half-man and half-elephant as the promotion went. This meant that from now on, Joseph was in a way owned by the people in the business.The show was popular. People paid money to see the Elephant Man and the exhibition eventually reached London. There, Merrick was accommodated near the London Hospital, which is how he met with the surgeon Frederick Treves.Merrick’s close friend and doctor, Frederick Treves, in 1884.As a knowledgeable doctor, Treves inspected Merrick’s deformities, and he found them to be extreme. In fact, the youngster was not even able to sleep properly. He slept sitting, with his legs gathered up and used as a platform to support his head.Tumors were all over the body. Solely his right hand was 12 inches in circumference and five inches around one of the fingers. His leg and hip had also worsened to the point he needed to use a cane for walking. Other than that, Joseph Merrick was in good health — a survivor.The Elephant Man. Wellcome Images CC BY 4.0After the show shut down in London, Mr. Treves remained an open contact for Joseph. His exhibition was moving to Belgium, where he was assigned to a new manager. But soon after arriving, he was abandoned, robbed, and left alone in a country where he didn’t even know the language. Merrick somehow managed to go back to England and to the one person he could trust: Mr. Treves.By this point, his health had deteriorated even worse. A fund was set for people to donate to the special medical care that Merrick needed. The public plea was made by Treves, in whom Merrick found a rare new friend. People responded quickly on the call, and the issue was settled.A colorized photograph of Joseph Carey Merrick ‘The Elephant Man’. Photo by CC BY-SA 3.0Joseph Merrick spent four years in the hospital, and for the first time, he started enjoying life as it is. Yet, as ruthless as life itself can be, Merrick was found dead in his hospital bed on the morning of April 11, 1890. The young man had tried to sleep horizontally on the bed, however his head had fallen at a wrong angle, causing his neck to dislocate. The official cause of death was recorded as asphyxia.Two medical conditions have been considered for Merrick’s case. The first: Proteus syndrome, a rare disease that causes overgrowth of the bones, as well as the tissue such as the skin. Second, neurofibromatosis, which is a genetic disorder that causes tumors on nerve tissues, which spread to the spine and the brain.While his 27 years of life were marked by cruelty, exclusion, and inhuman treatment, Merrick’s story lingered for decades to come, a reminder that the world is desperate for more compassion.The shop on Whitechapel Road where Merrick was exhibited. Today it sells saris.Perhaps the most famous instance of recalling his story is David Lynch’s 1980 film, The Elephant Man, starring Anthony Hopkins and John Hurt. And perhaps not even a movie can truly touch the essence of his life. As the Guardian writes on this David Lynch film, it “is faithful to its source material but fails to get to the heart of the real Joseph Merrick.”Read another story from us: The “Ugly Duchess” was the product of diseaseWith or without the help of fiction, we are left to remember Joseph Merrick, not as the Elephant Man, but as someone who, above all, was a kind and forgiving human being despite how wrongly people treated him.Stefan is a freelance writer and a regular contributor to The Vintage News. He is a graduate in Literature. He also runs the blog This City Knows.last_img read more

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