The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation has announced the selection of 126 outstanding U.S. and Canadian researchers as recipients of Sloan Research Fellowships for 2012. Awarded annually since 1955, the fellowships are given to early-career scientists and scholars whose achievements and potential identify them as rising stars, the next generation of scientific leaders.Five from Harvard were awarded: Christopher Harvey, assistant professor of neurobiology at Harvard Medical School (HMS); Maria Lehtinen, assistant professor of pathology at Harvard-affiliated Children’s Hospital of Boston; Edoardo Airoldi, assistant professor of statistics; Alicia M. Soderberg, assistant professor of astronomy; and Tomasz Strzalecki, assistant professor of economics.For more information.
Blueberry growers will find lots of information and supper, too, at the informal twilight tour of University of Georgia Blueberry Research Farm May 2 near Alapaha, Ga. The farm tour will begin at 5 p.m., and a cookout will follow.The tour will offer a firsthand look at research and demonstration projects on many aspects of blueberry production. Experts in horticulture, plant pathology, entomology and weed control will be there to interact with growers. Stay as long as you like.Please call ahead, though, let the organizers know you’re planning to attend. Or let your county Extension Service agent know you plan to come.Alapaha, Ga., is 17 miles east of Tifton on U.S. Highway 82. The entrance to the research farm is 2.5 miles south of Alapaha (going toward Nashville, Ga.) on U.S. 129. Look for a “Blueberry Farm” sign on the right.If you have questions or plan to come, call Scott NeSmith at (770) 228-7243 or Gerard Krewer at (229) 386-3410.
The School of Cinematic Arts will be partnering with the comedy website Funny or Die to offer a workshop for students interested in writing comedy sketches.Project partners · Funny or Die created webisodes with the School of Cinematic Arts. The webisodes were filmed on Sunday. — Chris Roman | Daily TrojanJack Epps Jr., SCA’s chair of the Writing for Screen and Television Division, said the partnership was originally formed when Funny or Die approached the school with the intent of creating a new program on their website.“Funny or Die contacted us and they wanted to start a program called Funny or Die U, and they wanted to come to us first, seeing as we are the premier film school,” Epps said. “We have, at the same time, [email protected] — a comedy program which is evolving — so [the partnership] made perfect sense.”Epps said the students who will be participating in a workshop will gain insight into the entire process of how a webisode is written and produced. This webisode was filmed on Sunday.“The workshop covers the basic methodology for Funny or Die, like how their writers approach their sketches, how they work as a collaborative team [and] how they shoot their webisodes,” Epps said. “It’s great because Funny or Die has a unique look with high production value, but [is] still really funny.”Epps said the approximately 80 students partaking in the workshop benefit from learning from the people behind the Funny or Die website. It will allow students to work with professional writers and provide an opportunity to have their work featured on Funny or Die.“The writers come down and supervise the students and their webisodes and [teach them] the Funny or Die method,” Epps said. “It also gives the students an opportunity to make a webisode, [because] the strongest webisode will be put up on the front page of Funny or Die.”Funny or Die fans, such as Jonathan Foor, a sophomore majoring in writing for screen and television, said they would be participating in the workshop because they enjoy the content on the site.“I love [Funny or Die’s] content and getting a chance to participate in this contest is an incredible opportunity that only USC could provide,” Foor said.Kevin May, a sophomore majoring in business administration with an emphasis in cinematic arts, said the partnership between SCA and Funny or Die would be valuable for both the students involved and the website.“Any opportunity where companies established in the entertainment industry are giving USC students a chance to experiment with their content is beneficial for all parties involved,” May said. “It’s critical for students to have some experience with their passions before trying to get a job.”
Zach Reed scored 10 points in the final three minutes and for the second consecutive time in league play the Eureka Loggers beat the McKinleyville Panthers, this time by a 60-58 margin Tuesday night at Jay Willard Gymnasium.The Loggers took a 27-20 lead into halftime of Tuesday’s win but a turnover-riddled third quarter allowed the Panthers to surge back. The visitors outscored the Loggers 16-7 in the third quarter to take a 36-34 lead into the final frame.Then the Glavich boys, Bryson and …
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest With wet weather harvest delays, deep discounts on delivery and low yield at the end, wheat had a rough year. Are there reasons we should still grow wheat?Crop rotation — wheat adds a third crop to our rotation. Generally we get a 10% yield bump to the next crop in the rotation. And with a three-crop rotation we reduce disease and insect pressure for all crops.Wheat can be a good cover crop. We can plant it after soybean harvest, unlike other cover crops. We can even plant it after corn, but be aware that Fusarium head blight will likely be worse if you are planning on grain harvest. Wheat, like oats and cereal rye will help hold onto nitrates. If we want we can graze wheat, or if we get a good stand and have good prospects, we can keep it to harvest as grain. This may be our perfect cover crop. Production possibilities for wheatPlanting date — Fly free date in Ohio is also our agronomic trigger for the best planting dates. From recent experience we probably want to plant within a week to 10 days after the date. Long-term data says we should get about the same yield if we plant in the 14-day window following fly free. Fly free dates in Ohio range from Sept. 22 in northern Oho to Oct. 5 at Southpoint.We can reduce the chance of nutrient movement by applying the fertilizer in the spring into the growing crop. If, for example, we need 90 pounds of P2O5, we also get 20 to 35 pounds of N along with that (assuming MAP 11-52-0 or DAP 18-46-0). This puts on the N when we need it in the spring and gives us a growing crop to apply phosphorus.Variety selection — get good genetics with excellent disease resistance. Pierce Paul, our OSU wheat and corn pathologist, says that to reduce the threat of Fusarium head blight and to get good yields, choose a variety with high resistance to head blight and plan to apply a fungicide if conditions require.Row width — we have possibilities. Using a drill we can plant at six to 10 inches. And many of us have our split row soybean planters – on 15-inch rows. It gets a cover out there and doesn’t take too large of a yield hit.What will 15-inch row wheat yield? Because some Ohio wheat producers are interested in growing soft red winter wheat in 15-inch rows to utilize a more precise planting implement, we can reduce equipment inventory, Modify Relay Intercrop (MRI) soybeans into wheat, sow cover crops, establish a forage crop, and/or reduce seed costs.Wheat yield in a 15-inch row is important in evaluating a row spacing change.Research done by Beuerlein and Minyo in 2008 in Ohio with three wheat trials found 7.5 inch row spacing to out yield 15-inch row spacing by about 7.2 % or 6.6 bushels per acre (bushel per acre).In 2009 and 2010, Lee and Herbek, of the University of Kentucky, grew three varieties of wheat at two locations in 15-inch and 7.5-inch rows. Varieties tested were known to be prolific (varieties produce a lot of tillers). Yields ranged from 70 to just over 120 bushel per acre. In two of the environments, there were no differences in yield between 15-inch and 7.5-inch rows. In the other two environments, wheat yields in 15-inch rows were about 8.5% less than wheat yields in 7.5-inch rows.Johnson, in 2006 and 2007, examined wheat yield in 7.5 and 15-inch row wheat in Ontario. Wheat yields were reduced from 5 to 8 percent when wheat rows were widened.In Ohio selected wheat varieties have been evaluated over yield in 15-inch rows. In 2014, at the OARDC Wooster site, 25 varieties averaged 109 bushels per acre with a range from 115.5 to 101.4 bu/ac. Two year tests of 14 varieties gave an average yield over all varieties of 100.3 bu/ac and a range of 103.7 to 96.1 bu/ac.In summary, where row comparisons were made over row spacing; wide row wheat averaged about 7.4 percent less than narrow wheat for the varieties selected. However, the data would suggest the wide row yield effect is also influenced by variety and site. Seed costs may be reduced when going to a wide row. Long term data from Steve Prochaska and Jason Hartschuh at OSU’s Crawford County farm show a 16 year average yield of 75 bushels per acre for wheat and 31 bushels per are soybeans in their MRI work — not bad for two crops in one year. A Factsheet on MRI is available here: http://ohioline.osu.edu/agf-fact/pdf/0504.pdf.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Shiloh Perry, communications assistant at the American Farm Bureau FederationDuring the final weeks of the Obama administration, the Fish and Wildlife Service listed the rusty patched bumblebee as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act. While the FWS claims the listing will help protect the bee species, what does the first-ever addition of a bee species in the continental U.S. to the endangered species list mean?It means that the rusty patched bumblebee, an important pollinator for American agriculture, has been added to a list of 1,652 domestic species which are protected under the ESA. This list has been added to since the ESA was enacted in 1973. However, fewer than 2% of species have been removed from the list during the 44-year life of the law.Now more than ever, it is time to reform the ESA to protect and ultimately recover threatened and endangered species. Reform is necessary because there are clear shortcomings associated with the upkeep and recovery rate of listed species.Congress intended for the ESA to protect species from extinction. However, the law fails to accomplish this, instead it prioritizes species listings over actual recovery and habitat conservation. It also fails to provide adequate incentives for working lands species conservation. Further, the law imposes far-reaching regulatory burdens which greatly restrict agriculture’s ability to produce food, fuel and fiber for consumers here at home and around the world.Conservation is extremely important to America’s farmers and ranchers. Modern farming technologies reflect this, as does agriculture’s involvement in volunteer conservation efforts at the state and local levels. Farmers and ranchers consider it their personal responsibility to be stewards of the land.While agriculture greatly values conservation, the ESA creates many challenges for farmers and ranchers and often limits agriculture production. Many farms and ranches used for crop production and raising livestock contain habitat which sustains wildlife, including threatened and endangered species. Land is typically a farmer’s largest business asset; most do everything possible to sustain its longevity. However, farmers are often restricted from fully utilizing their land due to the ESA’s strict regulations when endangered species or critical habitat are present. These regulations affect not only farmers’ occupations and ability to stay profitable, but families and homesteads as well. Working in agriculture is often more than an occupation; it is a lifestyle and frequently a family endeavor. The increased regulatory burden of the ESA negatively affects rural quality of life and jeopardizes the overall agriculture economy.Another primary cause of ESA-related conflicts is the law’s litigation-driven model. The statute allows special interest groups to sue anyone believed to be in violation of the act. Too often radical environmental activists target citizens, frequently farmers and ranchers, who practice positive conservation efforts. Resulting legal costs disrupt the rural economy, are burdensome to taxpayers and provide no resources for active species conservation and recovery efforts.Challenges associated with the ESA need to be fixed in order to truly protect species threatened by extinction. Reform should include a focus on species recovery and habitat conservation that respects landowners and prioritizes basic human needs over those of endangered species. Coordination with state wildlife agencies to leverage private, incentive-based conservation efforts can better achieve long-term conservation goals. The protection of private property rights, the economic impact of recovering endangered species and the costs of designating critical habitat must be considered.ESA reform is paramount not only for the true preservation of threatened and endangered species, but for the continued ability of American agriculture to provide basic human needs for all people. It is time for federal lawmakers and regulators to come together with states, local governments, landowners and the regulated community to find common sense solutions to improve the Endangered Species Act.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Leave a CommentUPDATE Jan. 3, 2019: Due to the partial shutdown of the federal government, Farm Service Agency offices are currently closed and unable to process in-person applications for the Market Facilitation Program. There are other options to sign up for the program electronically. Click here for more information. Deadline to apply is Jan. 15. Farmers who have already signed up but have yet to certify their 2018 crop production will have to wait for FSA offices to open in order to do so. PREVIOUS: This week, USDA released the second and final round of trade mitigation payments aimed at assisting farmers impacted by the ongoing trade and tariff implications around the world. Corn, soybean, dairy and other farmers in Ohio and across the country are now eligible to receive Market Facilitation Program payments for the second half of their 2018 production.Producers who have signed up for MFP are eligible for the first and second payments. The sign up period closes Jan. 15, but farmers have until May 1 to certify their 2018 production. The MFP provides payments to almond, cotton, corn, dairy, hog, sorghum, soybean, fresh sweet cherry, and wheat producers who have been significantly impacted and suffered the loss of traditional exports. Eligible producers should apply after harvest is complete, as payments will only be issued once production is reported.For farmers who have already applied, completed harvest and certified their 2018 production, a second payment will be issued on the remaining 50 percent of the producer’s total production, multiplied by the MFP rate for the specific commodity. Leave a Comment
August through December DHW usage has been very constant at about 14 GPD, yet kWh/day has gone from just over 2 to just over 3.Similarly, the 15-cubic-foot chest freezer is in the basement, and the refrigerator is on the main floor, both of which areas are cooler than they were in the summer. Here’s the kWh/month usage combined for both devices: We all know that residential heating load is highest in the winter and cooling load is highest in the summer. What’s a bit more subtle is how the seasons, and how we respond to them, change the loads on other household energy uses.For example: this summer our basement temperature climbed above 70°F, and the incoming water temperature from the water pressure tank was in the mid to upper 60Fs. Here at year’s end, the basement temperature is in the mid-50Fs, and cold water temperature has dropped to as low as 48°F. Both of these changes since summer add load to the water heater, as it must provide more energy to get the lower temperature water up to 120°F, and the tank loses more heat to the colder basement. Here’s a graph of our domestic hot water (DHW) usage in gallons/day (GPD) and the corresponding kWh/day: RELATED ARTICLES Choosing an Energy-Efficient Refrigerator BLOGS BY MARC ROSENBAUM Getting into Hot Water — Part 1Getting into Hot Water — Part 2Getting into Hot Water — Part 3Getting into Hot Water — Part 4Basement Insulation — Part 1Basement Insulation — Part 2 The load on the freezer and fridge drops because the spaces they are located in are cooler, so the temperature difference driving their heat gain is lower. In addition, the heat rejection components work more efficiently to reject heat to the surroundings when the air is cooler, so it takes less energy to meet the load.Just as with the water heater, the two effects combine to change the energy usage, but in the case of the freezer and fridge, the energy usage goes down. That reduction isn’t as large as the increase in energy used by the heat pump water heater, unfortunately!Again I find myself wishing for a fridge/freezer that rejects heat to a domestic hot water preheat tank, just as it’s done in commercial refrigeration. But energy will need to get more costly before that device appears on the market. Marc Rosenbaum is director of engineering at South Mountain Company on the island of Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts. He writes a blog called Thriving on Low Carbon.