Is Obama’s War on ISIS Legal?

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York [dropcap]T[/dropcap]he Pentagon announced Monday that the US has officially expanded its airstrikes in Iraq against ISIS, less than a week after President Obama laid out in a nationally televised speech his strategy to “degrade and ultimately destroy” the Sunni militants who have laid siege to large swaths of the war-torn region.Obama’s decision to increase air strikes against ISIS, which calls itself the Islamic State and also goes by ISIL, came after two American journalists were beheaded by the militants, making ISIS a household name, and raising fears at home that the terrorist group could attack the US.In order to “eradicate a cancer like ISIL,” as Obama said, the administration will send 475 additional American troops to Iraq to support and train Iraqi and Kurdish forces, as well as assist with intelligence gathering. The president also said he’d take action in Syria if need be. Prior to Obama’s speech, the military had already conducted 150 strikes in Iraq to support Kurdish and Iraqi forces on the ground.Before Obama even announced his strategy to combat the extremists, a WSJ/NBC poll found that 61 percent of Americans said military action against the group is in the nation’s best interest. More than a third said they’d support both airstrikes and sending ground troops into Iraq.So, America is rallying behind their commander in chief. But is this war legal on Constitutional grounds?The administration insists that it has the authority to bomb ISIS without Congressional support because of the 2001 Authorization to Use Military Force Act and the Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002—two laws that the White House has said it would like to see repealed.The 2001 authorization allows the government to use armed forces against those responsible for attacking the US on Sept. 11, 2001, meaning al Qaeda. The 2002 law authorizes using military force against those same perpetrators and enables the president to “defend the national security of the United States against the continuing threat posed by Iraq.”Obama, in his remarks in May 2013 at the National Defense University in Washington D.C., said he intended to “engage Congress about the existing Authorization to Use Military Force, or AUMF, to determine how we can continue to fight terrorism without keeping America on a perpetual wartime footing.”“Groups like AQAP [al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula] must be dealt with, but in the years to come, not every collection of thugs that labels themselves al Qaeda will pose a credible threat to the United States,” he said. “I look forward to engaging Congress and the American people in efforts to refine, and ultimately repeal, the AUMF’s mandate.” #455533858 / Less than two months ago, Susan Rice, Obama’s national security advisor, sent a letter to House Speaker John Boehner in which she called the 2002 resolution “outdated” and reiterated the administration’s belief that it should be repealed.“With American combat troops having completed their withdrawal from Iraq on December 18, 2011, the Iraq AUMF is no longer used for any U.S. government activities and the Administration fully supports its repeal,” she wrote.But neither law has been repealed or amended. Instead, they are both currently being used to justify airstrikes in Iraq and possibly Syria.In last week’s speech, Obama asked for Congressional support to train and equip so-called moderate opposition forces in Syria who have been fighting Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad’s regime.In a background call with reporters before Obama’s speech, an unidentified senior administration official claimed that the AUMF gives Obama legal justification to use military action against ISIS, and passed the 60-day extension period as stipulated in the War Powers Resolution. #455529508 / “We do not believe the President needs that new authorization in order to take sustained action against ISIL,” the senior administration official said. “We believe that he can rely on the 2001 AUMF as statutory authority for the military airstrike operations he is directing against ISIL, for instance.”The Obama administration often cites the AUMF when conducting airstrikes against affiliates of al Qaeda, as well as when it targets US citizens. ISIS, which the senior government official told reporters last week “has roots in al Qaeda in Iraq,” was recently disavowed by al Qaeda and is now acting on its own.Obama’s plan appears to have garnered uncharacteristic bipartisan support, but with many in Congress up for re-election this fall, as The New York Times points out in a scathing rebuke of Obama’s legal justification, it’s unclear if Congress wants to vote for the air strikes, even though it’s the only branch of government allowed by the Constitution to declare war.Although Republicans in Congress have criticized the president for taking unilateral action in the past, they have been silent about him superseding their authority in fighting ISIS. But they will likely vote for arming the moderate Syrian opposition, which could force the administration to defend its strategy.However, there will be no such debate about going to war.last_img read more

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Canelo vs. Mayweather, other archived Alvarez fight replays, highlights on DAZN

first_imgFloyd Mayweather Jr. versus Canelo Alvarez took place on Sept. 14, 2013 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas. Mayweather, who was 44-0 with 26 KOs at the time, needed big names to square off with after agreeing to a landmark six-fight, 30-month deal worth at least $200 million with Showtime/CBS in early 2013 after leaving his long-time home at HBO. The first bout under the deal — a unanimous decision win against Robert Guerrero in May 2013 — underperformed at the box office, generating one million pay-per-view buys, which was the lowest for a Mayweather fight since he had fought Ricky Hatton in December 2007 and did 920,000 buys.  Stepping up to the plate was a 23-year-old, red-headed native of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico — Saul “Canelo” Alvarez. Many, including Alvarez’s promoter at Golden Boy Promotions, Oscar De La Hoya, proclaimed the young fighter to be the one to supplant Mayweather and Pacquiao as boxing’s next mega star.MORE: Join DAZN to watch Canelo and more than 100 fight nights a yearAlvarez, who was 42-0-1 with 31 KOs at the time, checked off the qualities needed to achieve the lofty expectations set by people. With movie star looks, a unique charisma even though he spoke little English and most importantly, the ability to fight, Canelo got his shot, pitting one undefeated boxer against another.Alvarez previously fought on two of Mayweather’s undercards. The first was in September 2011 as part of a split-site PPV. Mayweather scored the controversial fourth-round knockout of Victor Ortiz and Alvarez ran through Alfonso Gómez by sixth-round TKO in Los Angeles. The second time around, Mayweather won a hard-fought unanimous decision over Miguel Cotto, while Alvarez defeated former world champion Shane Mosley by a lopsided unanimous decision. The card at the time was the second-largest buyrate for a Mayweather card, doing 1.5 million buys. Boxing pundits attributed the number to Alvarez once again being the co-headliner.Seeing that and the value Alvarez brought to the table after 40,000 people packed the Alamodome in San Antonio to watch him defeat Austin Trout in April 2013, Mayweather, 36-years-old at the time, saw there was plenty of money to be made with the Mexican star, cementing the fight.Mayweather’s experience proved to be too much for Alvarez to overcome, leading to a decision victory in his favor. Relive the bout on DAZN.(All times Eastern.)How to watch Floyd Mayweather vs. Canelo AlvarezYou can watch Mayweather vs. Canelo on DAZN. If you haven’t subscribed to DAZN yet, the sports streaming service cost $19.99 per month or $99.99 for an entire year.What other Canelo fights are on DAZN?You can see Canelo’s past fights against Rocky Fielding, Miguel Cotto, Shane Mosley, Amir Khan, Erislandy Lara, Alfredo Angulo, Austin Trout, Josesito López, Kermit Cintron, Ryan Rhodes and Larry Mosley.Heading into his May 2012 fight with Shane Mosley, the knock on Alvarez was he faced below-level competition and needed to defeat a marquee name. Enter Mosley, who had won four world titles in three different weight classes, beating Oscar De La Hoya twice and facing the likes of Floyd Mayweather Jr., Manny Pacquiao and Miguel Cotto.Though Mosley entered 2-3-1 in his last six fights, he would give the 21-year-old Alvarez a test which was sorely needed. Alvarez (40-0-1, 29 KOs) passed it with flying colors, winning by a lopsided unanimous decision. He connected on 348 of 673 punches. Alvarez knew the experience gained was invaluable and would help him down the line in future bouts.There were several questions heading into Alvarez’s bout with Miguel Cotto for the WBC middleweight championship in November 2015: How would Alvarez handle the pressure of a big fight coming off his first career loss? What did he learn from losing the Mayweather fight? How he would handle fighting for the first time in his career above 154 pounds?The questions were all answered, as we witnessed a more complete boxer, as Alvarez (46-1-1, 32 KOs) used his power effectively to propel him to a unanimous decision victory and becoming a two-division world champion.What is DAZN?DAZN is a live-streaming sports service, providing fans with access to events, both live and on demand. DAZN subscribers can watch sports and original programming on multiple devices for a monthly price with no contract.What other sports are on DAZN?In addition to boxing, DAZN also live-streams mixed martial arts (MMA), offering over 100 fight nights per year between the two sports in the United States. MMA includes Bellator MMA and Combate Americas events.The sports streaming service also live-streams soccer and cricket matches, and a live, whip-around Major League Baseball show, ‘ChangeUp’. Globally, DAZN has rights to other major sports, depending on the region. For example, in Canada, DAZN offers the NFL, Champions League, MLS and MLB Network, along with other sports.How much does DAZN cost?A new subscriber can sign up for a monthly subscription or annual pass to watch the fight. The annual pass — which includes access to all of DAZN’s live events, as well as highlights, replays, behind-the-scenes features, original shows and live reports — is $99.99, which averages out to a little over $8 a month. For those who want a monthly-plan instead of the longer-term value, fight fans can sign up for a monthly option for $19.99.By comparison, Alvarez’s 2018 fight against Gennady Golovkin was $84.99 on pay-per-view.last_img read more

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